I want you to see something that may greatly surprise you . . . Read 1st Samuel 10:6:
“the Spirit of ADONAI will fall on you; you will prophesy with them and be turned into another man!
What? It says that after the Holy Spirit falls on Saul, he will prophesy, and then he will be turned into a new man! You’ve got to be kidding me? Doesn’t that sound like Pentecost, to you?
Oh but it gets better; verse 7 says that once all these signs have come over Saul he is to go ahead and do whatever he feels led to do because God is with him. Actually, more literally, this is saying that Saul is to “do what your hand finds.” Compare this with the prophet Nathan’s answer to King David in I Chronicles 7:3 where he says, “Whatever you have in mind, go ahead and do it, for Yehoveh is with you.” They are told to surrender themselves to the divine impulse, with the assurance that if it is of God, He is with you and is directing your movements. And somehow this is in co-operation with your own mind and free will. Isn’t this exactly what a Christian today would call being led by the Holy Spirit?
Folks, it is all about patterns; God patterns. Our understanding of God and of His Word isn’t predicated on searching His Word for “why” but on “which pattern.” The New Testament didn’t establish any new patterns; they simply fulfilled and continued on the patterns that were established earlier. When we toss aside the Old Testament, then we toss aside the establishment of all the patterns of God and we can’t recognize them in the New Testament. The result is that we come up with some wild and off-the-mark explanations. Right here we see in the Old Testament a pattern established that will be seen again (and God’s people are supposed to recognize it) in the New Testament. That pattern will be followed both by Messiah Yeshua and by His followers.
If you continued on to verse 9, you would read that as soon as Sha’ul was anointed with oil (symbolic of the coming of the Holy Spirit), God gave him a new heart! Whoa! It’s almost as if we’ve traveled through a time tunnel from 1020 BC to 30 AD! Every Christian knows that once there is a sincere profession of faith in Jesus Christ we are considered as a new man with a new heart. What does it mean that Saul became a new man and got a new heart? It means that Yehoveh so affected Saul’s inmost being that he became as a new person with a new understanding. Saul began to feel differently, having deeper emotions; he began to think differently.
When Sha’ul arrived at the place called the Hill of God (Giv’ah elohim) and found the group of prophets (that Samuel told him about) the Spirit of God descended on him and he began to prophesy just like these prophets. When a group of people who had known Sha’ul for several years witnessed this happening, they were stunned and confused. Everyone knew that Sha’ul didn’t come from a line of Prophets, and he was never declared a Prophet. He wasn’t trained in these things, he was just an ordinary man, so how could he possibly know what he seems to know and speak this way?
The festival of Shavu‘ot arrived, and the believers all gathered together in one place. Suddenly there came a sound from the sky like the roar of a violent wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then they saw what looked like tongues of fire, which separated and came to rest on each one of them. They were all filled with the Ruach HaKodesh and began to talk in different languages, as the Spirit enabled them to speak.
Now there were staying in Yerushalayim religious Jews from every nation under heaven. When they heard this sound, a crowd gathered; they were confused, because each one heard the believers speaking in his own language.
Totally amazed, they asked, “How is this possible? Aren’t all these people who are speaking from the Galil? How is it that we hear them speaking in our native languages? We are Parthians, Medes, Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Y’hudah, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt, the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome; Jews by birth and proselytes; Jews from Crete and from Arabia…! How is it that we hear them speaking in our own languages about the great things God has done?” Amazed and confused, they all went on asking each other, “What can this mean?” But others made fun of them and said, “They’ve just had too much wine!” —Acts 2:1-13
The Holy Spirit acting on men with such profound effect that it made them speak in ways that didn’t seem possible, or to see things they couldn’t possibly see, certainly happened in the New Testament, but it also happened centuries earlier in the Old Testament era.
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